Under this programme area, the focus is to zeroe-in on poverty and inequality reduction by raising the returns from and efficiency of social protection; and increasing the ability of the economy, especially but not only in rural areas, to absorb both the long-term or structurally unemployed as well as new entrants to the labour market with a particular focus on youth and women. In the former case, UNDP will emphasise diagnostic and policy advisory work combined with technical exchanges around good practices in other emerging economies which have successfully used various forms of social protection to efficiently improve equity (for example, on issues of targeting, delivery systems, and institutionalised access to information and feedback by citizens).
With regard to employment, UNDP will focus assistance on two prongs. The first will be a joint ‘Jobs Lab’ to test policy, financing and institutional options for employment creation in high priority rural areas and benefiting target groups such as youth and women, based upon rigorously designed models and evaluation protocols and tapping partnerships across the public and private sector, academia and the Global South.
Options might relate to land reform, growth clusters, infrastructure-driven job creation, and use of new technologies and practices to boost the creation of ‘green’ jobs, improve access to information, develop skills and better integrate rural and urban markets. The second prong will focus on youth service or temporary employment schemes that better match skills with jobs, promote entrepreneurship, and foster unity and respect for gender equality.
In our coordination role within the UN System, we work closely with other UN agencies to facilitate the provision of technical and institutional expertise in the area of specialised capacity development to strengthen national macroeconomic capacities for pro‑poor policy formulation
Under this programme area, we also work closely with the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform to support Government in its attempt to correct land dispossession that was promoted by the apartheid policies. In this regard, the department has developed a Land Reform Programme consisting of the following components:
The programme seeks to redress those who have been forcefully dispossessed of land and rights in land under racial law since 1913. The programme involves returning the actual land lost; financial compensation or the provision of alternative land to the claimants or dispossessed.
This programme will make it possible for the poor and disadvantaged people in South Africa to buy and access land for residential and productive purposes in order to improve their livelihoods. The programme also aims to increase ownership of agricultural land by black people and focuses on the poor, farm workers, labour tenants and emerging black farmers as potential beneficiaries.
Land Tenure Programme
This programme objective is to convert tenancy rights into formal agreements with specific focus on farm workers, women and traditional systems prevailing in homelands.