Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Where we are?
Government has intensified the implementation of policies, strategies and programmes aimed at combating HIV and AIDS. However, there is wide recognition that the Government cannot be expected to combat the spread of HIV and AIDS, malaria and other diseases (including TB) without broad-based support from all sectors of South Africa. Given the complexity of the health challenges required to address these problems there is a need for ongoing concerted efforts by Government, civil society, the private sector and individuals to work in a collaborative and integrated manner.
Individuals also need to take responsibility for combating the spread of HIV and AIDS and TB by minimizing risky sexual behaviour that fuels infection and the spread of the conditions. HIV prevalence levels are still high in South Africa in comparison to other countries in Northern, Western and Middle Africa. However, it would appear that the prevalence of HIV may have stabilized in the country. With regard to Malaria, the national malaria programme will be redirected towards malaria elimination and the Department of Health will work with countries like Swaziland, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Botswana to ensure that this is achieved.
HIV prevalence levels are still high in South Africa compared to other countries in Northern, Western and Middle Africa. However, it would appear that the prevalence of HIV has stabilized in the country. Encouraging as the decline might be, the differential infection rates point to predominance in rural provinces attributed to gender power relations. Even more worrisome are the emergent relationships that expose young girls to HIV because of gender power inequalities with older male sexual partners.